27420 Tourney Rd Suite 250
Valencia, CA 91355
(661) 259-9100

27420 Tourney Rd Suite 250
Valencia, CA 91355
(661) 259-9100

dentist in valencia

Dentist in Valencia | Cavities & Treatments

Most people think about cavities as tiny holes in the surface of their teeth. While this is a reasonably accurate description, they can affect teeth differently. The three most common types of cavities are:

  • Root 
  • Pit and fissure
  • Smooth-surface

With prompt treatment, most types are treatable without any trouble. But when treatment is delayed, expensive and lengthy procedures become necessary. Please read below to learn more about each type and how to treat them before they become severe and costly dental problems. 

Root Cavity

Root cavities develop on the surface of a tooth’s roots. They are more common in older adults who likely have gum disorders, including receding gums. When gums recede, the root surfaces become exposed, making them more susceptible to erosive acids in plaque, bacteria, and decay. They usually come with more tooth pain than the other types. 

How Do You Treat Root Cavities?

Dr. Mehran Abbassian removes tooth decay and fills the hole with composite resin. If decay has spread to the pulp of the tooth, root canal therapy is necessary. The root does not have as much protective tooth enamel, and tooth decay can spread relatively quickly. Dr. Abbassian may recommend a crown if it is substantial.

Pit and Fissure Cavity

Pit and Fissure cavities are commonly found on the chewing surface of the molars. These are common, especially for people who don’t often brush or use fluoride toothpaste. 

What is Pit and Fissure Cavity Treatment?

If decay is found early, dental sealants can help prevent tooth decay in children and adults at a higher risk of dental caries. Once it becomes more profound, a dentist must remove the decay and repair the tooth.

Fillings typically work well for smaller cavities. Significant, however, often require root canals or crowns if decay is deep or the remaining tooth structure is too weak.

Smooth-Surface Cavities

Smooth-surface affects the flat surface of the teeth. They are the slowest to develop and the least common. Although they aren’t as common, these can be a problem for people who don’t practice good oral hygiene.

What is Smooth-Surface Cavity Treatment?

Smooth-surface is slow-growing and more easily treatable. Many times, your dentist can resolve them with the help of fluoride treatments, such as gels, toothpaste, varnish, or fluoride-enriched water. It generally takes quite some time to make its way through smooth-surface enamel. 

People can also develop interproximal cavities, which are similar to smooth-surface but between the teeth. Dentists usually use x-rays to detect them. If found, fluoride treatments often help unless they have entered the tooth’s dentin, in which case a filling is necessary.

Cavity Treatment With Your Dentist in Valencia, CA

Brushing and flossing and practicing good at-home oral health is the best way to prevent cavities and avoid painful procedures, gum disease, and even tooth extractions. So, brush your teeth twice daily, and don’t forget to floss. 

Being mindful of the foods and drinks you consume is crucial to dental health. So don’t eat or drink anything laden with sugar. If you sense something is off and are looking for a dentist in Santa Clarita, give us a call. Catching cavities early on is the key!